Start studying Histology - Cartilage and Bone. Its main function is to connect bones together. hyalos = glass (Greek). is not surrounded by a perichondrium and is partly vascularised.
Provides a low-friction gliding surface. (a) There are three types of adult cartilage distributed in many areas of the skeleton, particularly in joints and where pliable support is useful, as in the ribs, ears, and nose. Abstract Zones of high and low signal intensity on magnetic resonance (MR) images of articular cartilage were correlated with the four histologic zones normally found in such cartilage. This is an AAOS Self Assessment Exam (SAE) question. Functions of hyaline articular cartilage. Chondrocytes + extracellular matrix containing type II collagen fibers, GAGs, proteoglycans, and multiadhesive glycoproteins. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.
The surface of hyaline cartilage is surrounded by the perichondrium, a transitional zone between cartilage and the surrounding connective tissue, but articular cartilage lacks the perichondrium. Hyaline cartilage is the most common of the three types of cartilage. In adults, hyaline cartilage is located in the articular surfaces of movable joints, in the walls of the respiratory tracts (nose, larynx, trachea, and bronchi ), in the costal cartilages, and in … Articular cartilage pathology in the shoulder can present in many scenarios. The answer is E: Articular cartilage is composed of hyaline cartilage. Articular cartilage serves a vital role in maintaining joint function by minimising friction and distributing load. A 28-year-old marathon runner has a knee MRI done to evaluate medial sided knee pain. a. Hyaline cartilage b. Elastic cartilage c. Fibrocartilage d. All of the above e. None of the above. It is made up of cells called chondroblasts and chondrocytes, (chondro - cartilage) and extracellular matrix, made up about 10% aggrecan, 75% water, and a mix of collagen fibres and other constituents. Cartilage: The three types of cartilage There are three types of cartilage: Hyaline - most common, found in the ribs, nose, larynx, trachea. In its fresh state, it is homogeneous and semi-transparent. Tested Concept, (OBQ12.203)
It can withstand compression forces, and yet it can bend. Tested Concept, Cartilage thickening in the left (ipsilateral) knee and no change in cartilage thickness in the right (contralateral) knee, Cartilage thinning in the left (ipsilateral) knee and no change in cartilage thickness in the right (contralateral) knee, Cartilage thinning in the left (ipsilateral) knee and increased cartilage thickness in the right (contralateral) knee, Increased cartilage thickness in both knees, (SAE13BS.51)
Articular cartilage is specifically the smooth, white tissue covering the ends of bones where they come together to form joints. It can bend a bit, but resists stretching. No perichondrium Collagen fibers - arranged as gothic arches Chondrocytes - in vertial rows. 18.104.22.168. Articular cartilage serves a vital role in maintaining joint function by minimising friction and distributing load. Histology slide courtesy of Education Interactive Human Histology Photo CD. When evaluating articular cartilage, look for any surface damage that has occurred from normal wear and tear or surgical models. Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints and nerves, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.It is not as hard and rigid as bone, but it is much stiffer and much less flexible than muscle. 020 trachea connective tissue fibroblast plasma cell H&E Webscope Imagescope 040 trachea H&E Webscope Imagescope 040N hyaline cartilage 1.5um section H&E Webscope Imagescope 126 trachea, esophagus H&E Webscope Imagescope. This is a preview of subscription content, Huber M, Trattnig S, Lintner F (2000) Anatomy, biochemistry, and physiology of articular cartilage. Answer: a. Hyaline cartilage forms the articular surface on bones. The mechanical properties of hyaline cartilage, such as its ability to function as a shock absorber, result from complex interactions among the proteoglycan and collagen networks, as well as … Welcome to Articular Engineering, the leading supplier of customized orthopaedic cells and tissue cultures to pharmaceutical, biotechnology and research organizations. All the best! accumulation of AGEs has been thought to play a role in the development of OA of the knee and ankle. No meniscus tear is identified, but the articular cartilage of the femoral condyles is noted to be twice as thick as normal values. Injury 44(Suppl 1):S11–S15, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41921-8_2. Its principal function is to provide a smooth, lubricated surface for articulation and to facilitate the transmission of loads with a low frictional coefficient (Figure 1).Articular cartilage is devoid of blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves and is subject to a harsh biomechanical environment. Oval isogenous groups 2. Start a free trial of Quizlet Plus by Thanksgiving | Lock in 50% off all year Try it free. The specialized matrix of the elastic cartilage has flexibility and the ability to retain its original shape after an applied force. Summary. Bone Histology. Hyaline cartilage contains type II collagen fibers and a highly-hydrated ground substance. Articular cartilage contains a relatively small number of chondrocytes. The bulk of this tissue consists of an extracellular matrix composed of … Is a precursor of bone. Articular Cartilage is a specialised form of hyaline cartilage. Which of the following best describes the appearance of chondrocytes and orientation of collagen fibrils in the superficial zone of articular cartilage? • Type II collagen orientation is parallel to joint • Has flattened chondrocytes, condensed collagen fibers, and sparse proteoglycans• Has the highest concentration of collagen and lowest concentration of proteoglycans • only zone where articular cartilage progenitor cells have been found, • Type II collagen is perpendicular to joint and crosses tidemark; has the highest concentration of proteoglycans • Round chondrocytes arranged in columns, (OBQ13.100)
Last reviewed: October 29, 2020 Reading time: 3 minutes Hyaline cartilage is the most common of the three types of cartilage. Hyaline Cartilage. A 32-year-old runner sustains a trimalleolar left ankle fracture. rich in fibroblasts, undifferentiated mesenchymal stem cells, blood vessels, nerve and lymphatic vessels. I used to publish this type of article in regular basis in this site. It is, however, an obviously simplistic model. Functions of hyaline articular cartilage.